Basic principle: For sustainable biofuels from agriculture
Today, biofuels contribute 5 per cent of the energy consumed in the transport sector (2015: 31.6 billion Kilowatt hours). This prevents 6.7 million tonnes of CO2 emissions annually. To-day, biofuels are the most important renewable energy source in transport; the contribution of renewable electricity is around one ninth of the contribution of biofuels (3.7 billion KWh annu-ally). In 2015, 2.1 million tonnes of biodiesel, 1.2 million tonnes of bioethanol, 50 million cubic metres of biomethane as well as 2,000 tonnes of plant oil were used as biofuels.
The German agricultural and biofuels sectors are committed to sustainability and to the con-stant improvement of the greenhouse gas (GHG) balance of biofuels. In 2015, it was possi-ble to reduce GHG emissions by an average of more than 70% in comparison to diesel and petrol. Through the cascade use and the use of co-products, food, the provision of bioenergy and material use can be best combined. Chains involving rapeseed-biodiesel-rapeseed meal or sugar beet/cereal-ethanol-dried distillery grains are exemplary. The co-products which re-sult from the processing of agricultural biomass into biofuel make a significant contribution to the domestic supply of protein feed and thereby also contribute to the creation of value in ru-ral areas. The increased use of residues and by-products can complement this, but not re-place it.
The European Commission's proposal
The proposed directive of 30/11/2016 proposes a shift to advanced renewable fuels in transport, with a minimum quota for these fuels. Biofuels from agricultural biomass (conven-tional biofuels) cannot be included in this quota. Instead, they can only account for up to 3.8% of the energy used in transport in the EU's overall target for renewable energies. There is no proposal to continue the technologically open obligation to reduce GHG emissions in the mobility sector, which is practised in Germany (according to the Fuel Quality Directive).
Assessment of the Commission proposal
The following changes must urgently be made to the RED II proposal:
Bundesverband der Deutschen Bioethanolwirtschaft e.V. (BDBe)
Deutscher Bauernverband e.V. (DBV)
Union zur Förderung von Oel- und Proteinpflanzen e.V. (UFOP)
Verband der Deutschen Biokraftstoffindustrie e.V. (VDB)
Verband der ölsaatenverarbeitenden Industrie in Deutschland e.V. (OVID)
German Bioenergy Association
Tel.: +49 228/81002-22
hartmann (at) bioenergie . de